At a cruising speed of 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph), the ship could steam for 10,000 nautical miles (19,000 km; 12,000 mi). In 1937, while anchored off the Balearic island of Ibiza, the Deutschland was bombed by a Loyalist Spanish plane. During the ensuing Battle of Drøbak Sound, Blücher was hit by many shells and two torpedoes. at the time was group captain J.E Fauquier. Heavy fog and neutrality requirements, which required the Norwegians to fire warning shots, permitted the Germans to avoid damage. save. Ithaca: McBooks Press.  In 1940, the ship underwent a major overhaul, during which a raked clipper bow was installed to improve the sea-keeping qualities of the ship. During the deployment, her gun turrets were painted with large black, white, and red bands to aid in identification from the air and indicate her neutral status. Aware that surprise had been lost, the Germans broke off the surface attack and turned the destruction of PQ 17 over to the U-boats and Luftwaffe. Four men were wounded. google_ad_client = "pub-0095770914145472";  Lützow inadvertently came alongside Sheffield and Jamaica, and after identifying them as hostile, engaged them, though her fire remained inaccurate.  The same day, she stopped the neutral Danish steamer Kongsdal, though when it became apparent that she was headed for a neutral port, the prisoners from Lorentz W Hansen were placed aboard her and she was allowed to proceed. She briefly returned to Norway but by the end of September 1943, a thorough overhaul was required. Thats often cited as the reason and may or may no be true but theres also another, more practical reason for the name change.  Admiral Erich Raeder, the commander in chief of the Kriegsmarine, also hoped that renaming the ship would confuse Allied intelligence; the Admiral Hipper-class cruiser Lützow was designated for sale to the Soviet Navy, and it was hoped that the use of her name for Deutschland would hide the transaction. , The damage Lützow sustained prompted the Kriegsmarine to order her to return to Germany for repairs. She returned to Norway in early November with a destroyer escort, arriving in Narvik on the 12th. Commanding officer of 617 Sqn. Pocket-battleship Lützow under repair until April 1941. , non-intervention patrols in the Spanish Civil War, "WW2 'earthquake' bomb explodes in Poland during attempt to defuse it", Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in April 1945, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in 1947, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=German_cruiser_Deutschland&oldid=1000524029, World War II shipwrecks in the Baltic Sea, Military units and formations of Nazi Germany in the Spanish Civil War, Russia articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 10,000 nautical miles (19,000 km; 12,000 mi) at 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph), Design: 12,630 t (12,430 long tons; 13,920 short tons), This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 13:20. While en route, the British submarine HMS Triton attacked the flotilla; her torpedoes missed, and German torpedo boats drove the submarine off. Deutschland (later renamed Lützow), Admiral Scheer and Admiral Graf Spee were simply termed panzerschiffe (armored ships) by the Germans, but they were known to their opponents by the far more evocative term Pocket Battleships. Author Editor Posted on June 13, December 30, Categories 1941 Tags battleships.  Stalin subsequently issued orders that further attacks on German and Italian warships were strictly prohibited. RAF sinks last Nazi pocket battleship, Luetzow, in Baltic port. As designed, her standard complement consisted of 33 officers and 586 enlisted men, though after 1935 this was significantly increased to 30 officers and 921–1,040 sailors.  The attack killed 31 German sailors and wounded 74. The ship participated in a major fleet exercise into the Atlantic with her sister Admiral Graf Spee, the light cruisers Köln, Leipzig, and Nürnberg, and several destroyers, U-boats, and support vessels. Barnsley: Seaforth Publishing. In 1942, Luetzow teamed up with heavy cruiser Hipper, to threaten the Allies' Arctic convoys to Russia. Admiral Scheer [ˌatmiˈʁaːl ʃeːɐ̯] was a Deutschland-class heavy cruiser (often termed a pocket battleship) which served with the Kriegsmarine of Nazi Germany during World War II.The vessel was named after Admiral Reinhard Scheer, German commander in the Battle of Jutland.She was laid down at the Reichsmarinewerft shipyard in Wilhelmshaven in June 1931 and completed by … ISBN 9781848321960. Trials were completed by December 1933, and the ship was ready for active service with the fleet. pocket battleships . At 09:15 on the 31st, the British destroyer Obdurate spotted the three destroyers screening for Admiral Hipper; the Germans opened fire first. Sunk in shallow waters in the Kaiserfahrt in April 1945 by Royal Air Force (RAF) bombers, Lützow was used as a gun battery to support German troops fighting the Soviet Army until 4 May 1945, when she was disabled by her crew. The Battle of the River Plate: The Hunt for the German Pocket Battleship Graf Spee. The RAF failed again two days later, but on 16 April eighteen Lancasters from 617 ("Dambusters") squadron scored a hit and several near misses on Lützow with Tallboy bombs in the Kaiserfahrt. , Following the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1936, Deutschland and Admiral Scheer were deployed to the Spanish coast on 23 July 1936 to conduct non-intervention patrols off the Republican-held coast of Spain. share. Pocket battleships of the Deutschland class : Deutschland/Lützow, Admiral Scheer, Admiral Graf Spee Koop , Gerhard , Schmolke , Klaus-Peter The warships of the World War II era German Navy are among the most popular subject in naval history with an almost uncountable number of books devoted to them. Deutschland was the lead ship of her class of heavy cruisers (often termed pocket battleships) which served with the Kriegsmarine of Nazi Germany during World War II. pocket battleships . To prevent so much sea water from flushing over the fore deck, the ships later received an extended bow. ISBN 978-1-59013-096-4. The ship was equipped with two Arado Ar 196 seaplanes and one catapult. According to the historians Erich Gröner and M. J. Whitley, the Soviet Navy raised the ship in September 1947 and broke her up for scrap in 1948–1949. Prager, Hans Georg (2002). , Deutschland's primary armament was six 28 cm (11 in) SK C/28 guns mounted in two triple gun turrets, one forward and one aft of the superstructure. A team of Polish divers has begun the challenging task of disabling a 12,000-pound British Tallboy bomb dating back to 1945. , Shortly before midnight on the night of 8 April, Group 5, with Blücher in the lead, passed the outer ring of Norwegian coastal batteries. , Deutschland spent the majority of 1938 and 1939 conducting training maneuvers with the rest of the fleet and making goodwill visits to various foreign ports. Four of the other five destroyers escorting the convoy rushed to join the fight, while Achates laid a smoke screen to cover the convoy. Originally named Deutschland, the Lützow was one of three armoured ships – the so-called “pocket battleships” – laid down between 1928 and 1931.Deutschland was the first of the class, being launched in May 1931 and completed in April 1933. She took on a severe list to port and the port shaft was damaged. share. hide. 1 comment. She began a brief set of trials starting on 30 October.  In early November, the Naval High Command recalled Deutschland; she passed through the Denmark Strait on 15 November and anchored in Gotenhafen on the 17th. If you are experiencing trouble downloading, it could be due to an ad-blocker or extension in your Chrome browser. Pocket battleship Lützow Mods, missions, patches, & files for every subsim there ever was! The German pocket battleship “Lutzow” was based in the Baltic ocean being used for shore bombardment and other duties included supply and evacuation. The ship had a design displacement of 12,630 t (12,430 long tons; 13,920 short tons) and a full load displacement of 14,290 long tons (14,520 t), though the ship was officially stated to be within the 10,000-long-ton (10,160 t) limit of the Treaty of Versailles. Naval Institute Press Fall 2014 Catalog - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free.  Hitler himself made the decision to rename the ship, recognizing that the sinking of a warship, always possible, was a propaganda disaster if it bore the name of its country. [653 x 594]German "pocket" battleship Lützow, in the Kaiserfahrt canal, April 25, 1945. British torpedo bombers attacked the ship off Egersund and scored a single hit that disabled her electrical system and rendered the ship motionless. Nevertheless, the British submarine HMS Spearfish attacked the ship on 11 April and scored a serious hit.  The ship was commissioned into the Reichsmarine on 1 April 1933. ISBN 9781848321960. Actually, the first ship of the class -- the Deutschland, later re-christened Lützow-- had a "standard" displacement of 10,600 long tons, i.e.  By this time, Deutschland had moved south to hunt in the Bermuda-Azores sea lane. Engine problems forced a series of repairs culminating in a complete overhaul at the end of 1943, after which the ship remained in the Baltic. The work was completed in Kiel by January 1944, after which she remained in the Baltic Sea to conduct training cruises for new naval personnel. The first real test came on August 20, 1944, when the 2d Battalion, 317th Infantry, attacked high ground near Argentan during the Allied drive to seal huge German forces in the Falaise Pocket.  At this time, she was re-rated as a heavy cruiser and renamed Lützow. In all, Germany built and operated three pocket battleships: the Deutschland (later renamed the Lützow), the Admiral Graf Spee, and the Admiral Scheer. Ithaca: McBooks Press. , Lützow was assigned to Group 5, alongside the new heavy cruiser Blücher and the light cruiser Emden under the command of Konteradmiral Oskar Kummetz. The Naval Institute Press is the book publishing arm of the U.S. Close. at the time was group captain J.E Fauquier. [653 x 594]German "pocket" battleship Lützow, in the Kaiserfahrt canal, April 25, 1945. Heavy cruiser Admiral Hipper under repair until September 1940. Luetzow was a hard luck ship, always running around or getting torpedoed, and missed many battles. This ship served with the Kriegsmarine of Nazi Germany during World War II. , Lützow meanwhile steamed toward the convoy from the south, and at 11:42 she opened fire. The German “pocket battleships” were the Deutschland (renamed Lützow), the Graf Spee, and the Scheer. Meanwhile, on 14 October, Deutschland encountered and sank the Norwegian transport Lorentz W Hansen, of some 1,918 GRT. She made an official visit to Spain following the Nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War 1939. The first battlecruisers came from the Royal Navy. 1 comment. Light cruiser Nürnberg ready.  Deutschland participated in fleet maneuvers in German waters in early 1936.